Except for the few mob-owned bars that allowed some socializing, it was basically for verboten. And all of a sudden, pandemonium broke loose. That night, we printed a box, we had 5,000. Stonewall hero and trans elder Miss Major welcomes ‘juicy, happy baby’ with her partner Vic Parsons January 21, 2021 Miss Major Griffin-Gracy in MAJOR!, the 2015 documentary about her life. Remember everything. All rights reserved. WPA Film Library, Thanks to Stonewall Forever, the documentary, brings together voices from over 50 years of LGBTQ activism to explore the ongoing legacy of Stonewall. You see these cops, like six or eight cops in drag. Lilli M. Vincenz I mean I'm only 19 and this'll ruin me. National History Archive, LGBT Community Center People started throwing pennies. On the Tuesday before the riots began, police conducted an evening raid … This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. They were getting more ferocious. Lucian Truscott, IV, Reporter, The Village Voice: There were gay bars all over town, not just in Greenwich Village. Danny Garvin: People were screaming "pig," "copper." Buy. If that didn't work, they would do things like aversive conditioning, you know, show you pornography and then give you an electric shock. And I found them in the movie theatres, sitting there, next to them. communities have gathered there to express their joy, their anger, their pain and their power. Doric Wilson: That's what happened Stonewall night to a lot of people. Marc Aubin Historian Marc Stein On The Stonewall Riots: A Documentary History Historians in the News tags: books, Stonewall, book reviews, LGTQ history. Corbis Raymond Castro: So then I got pushed back in, into the Stonewall by these plain clothes cops and they would not let me out, they didn't let anybody out. It was nonsense, it was nonsense, it was all the people there, that were reacting and opposing what was occurring. Tommy Lanigan-Schmidt: I never bought a drink at the Stonewall. There was all these drags queens and these crazy people and everybody was carrying on. Your choice, you can come in with us or you can stay out here with the crowd and report your stuff from out here. Hugh Bush It was a real good sound to know that, you know, you had a lot of people out there pulling for you. Jeremiah Hawkins Patricia Yusah, Marketing and Communications Powell has been a professor at Brooklyn College, a social worker, and an employee at Kitchen Table Press. And they were having a meeting at town hall and there were 400 guys who showed up, and I think a couple of women, talking about these riots, 'cause everybody was really energized and upset and angry about it. The Chicago riots, the Human Be-in, the dope smoking, the hippies. Quentin Heilbroner In the sexual area, in psychology, psychiatry. was thrown, The Stonewall Riots allows readers to take stock of how LGBTQ life has changed in the US, and how it has stayed the same. It was the only time I was in a gladiatorial sport that I stood up in. It was a 100% profit, I mean they were stealing the liquor, then watering it down, and they charging twice as much as they charged one door away at the 55. Martha Shelley: The riot could have been buried, it could have been a few days in the local newspaper and that was that. The windows were always cloaked. Tom Caruso And I raised my hand at one point and said, "Let's have a protest march." The men's room was under police surveillance. It said the most dreadful things, it said nothing about being a person. The term like "authority figures" wasn't used back then, there was just "Lily Law," "Patty Pig," "Betty Badge." Stonewall riots, series of violent confrontations that began in the early hours of June 28, 1969, between police and gay rights activists outside the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in the Greenwich Village section of New York City. In the 1950s and the 1960s, movement for gay rights and gay activism was in the low stages. We knew that this was a moment that we didn't want to let slip past, because it was something that we could use to bring more of the groups together. Because one out of three of you will turn queer. Participants of the 1969 Greenwich Village uprising describe the effect that Stonewall had on their lives. What Jimmy didn't know is that Ralph was sick. Dick Leitsch: New York State Liquor Authority had a rule that one known homosexual at a licensed premise made the place disorderly, so nobody would set up a place where we could meet because they were afraid that the cops would come in to close it, and that's how the Mafia got into the gay bar business. His mixed-media art celebrates black women and critiques racial oppression. Zackary Drucker is a transgender artist. Judith Kuchar And it's that hairpin trigger thing that makes the riot happen. The Stonewall Riots: A Documentary History Recensione dell'utente - Publishers Weekly. Martin Boyce: You could be beaten, you could have your head smashed in a men's room because you were looking the wrong way. Martin Boyce: I heard about the trucks, which to me was fascinated me, you know, it had an imagination thing that was like Marseilles, how can it only be a few blocks away? Richard Enman (Archival): Well, let me say, first of all, what type of laws we are not after, because there has been much to-do that the Society was in favor of the legalization of marriage between homosexuals, and the adoption of children, and such as that, and that is not at all factual at all. Lucian Truscott, IV, Reporter, The Village Voice: And then the next night. The New York Times / Redux Pictures It highlights trans people, people of color and homeless people who were at the forefront of the movement, and who have often been erased from the narrative. Jay Fialkov It's very American to say, "You promised equality, you promised freedom." BBC Worldwide Americas Fred Sargeant: When it was clear that things were definitely over for the evening, we decided we needed to do something more. We knew it was a gay bar, we walked past it. Tommy Lanigan-Schmidt: The Stonewall pulled in everyone from every part of gay life. The Stonewall Riots, also called the Stonewall Uprising, took place on June 28, 1969, in New York City, after police raided the Stonewall Inn, a local gay club. American Airlines On one particular night, June 28 th, 1969, the Stonewall Inn became a symbol of resistance, and started the LGBT movement. Slate: Boys Beware (1961) Public Service Announcement. Danny Garvin So I run down there. William Eskridge, Professor of Law: At the peak, as many as 500 people per year were arrested for the crime against nature, and between 3- and 5,000 people per year arrested for various solicitation or loitering crimes. The cops would hide behind the walls of the urinals. Interviewer (Archival): Are you a homosexual? And there was like this tension in the air and it just like built and built. Howard Smith, Reporter, The Village Voice: And I keep listening and listening and listening, hoping I'm gonna hear sirens any minute and I was very freaked. Dan Bodner Sean Saifa Wall is an advocate for intersex rights, a collage artist and researcher. The medical experimentation in Atascadero included administering, to gay people, a drug that simulated the experience of drowning; in other words, a pharmacological example of waterboarding. Seymour Pine, Deputy Inspector, Morals Division, NYPD: We told this to our men. It was done in our little street talk. And we had no right to such. This, to a homosexual, is no choice at all. Many eyewitnesses have identified her as one of the main instigators of … He/she has a long time association with La Mama Theatre. Howard Smith, Reporter, The Village Voice: I had been in some gay bars either for a story or gay friends would say, "Oh we're going to go in for a drink there, come on in, are you too uptight to go in?" Publisher: NYU Press, 2019. This was the first time I could actually sense, not only see them fearful, I could sense them fearful. They are taught that no man is born homosexual and many psychiatrists now believe that homosexuality begins to form in the first three years of life. Martin Boyce: We were like a Hydra. I didn't think I could have been any prettier than that night. Directed by David France, the Oscar-nominated director of How to Survive a Plague (see below), this documentary also revisits the Stonewall riots, in … The scenes were photographed with telescopic lenses. Eric Marcus, Writer: The Mattachine Society was the first gay rights organization, and they literally met in a space with the blinds drawn. Martin Boyce: It was thrilling. There was the Hippie movement, there was the Summer of Love, Martin Luther King, and all of these affected me terribly. Just making their lives miserable for once. The Stonewall Riots A Documentary History. We had no speakers planned for the rally in Central Park, where we had hoped to get to. Jerry Hoose: I mean the riot squad was used to riots. 352 Pages, 7.00 x 10.00 in, 9 black and white illustrations. Jay Toole is a 71 year-old butch-identified lesbian who battled addiction for 37 years, during which time she was homeless for over 25 years, and often lived on and under the streets of NYC and in the NYC shelters. Barbara Gittings and Kay Tobin Lahusen Gay History Papers and Photographs, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations One was the 1845 statute that made it a crime in the state to masquerade. Marc Stein . 'Cause I really realized that I was being trained as a straight person, so I could really fool these people. Stonewall has been described as the Rosa Parks moment for gay rights. John O'Brien: In the Civil Rights Movement, we ran from the police, in the peace movement, we ran from the police. And, you know, The Village Voice at that point started using the word "gay.". David Huggins Martin Boyce: Mind you socks didn't count, so it was underwear, and undershirt, now the next thing was going to ruin the outfit. They were to us. Martin Boyce: For me, there was no bar like the Stonewall, because the Stonewall was like the watering hole on the savannah. Dick Leitsch: So it was mostly goofing really, basically goofing on them. Danny Garvin: Something snapped. A CBS news public opinion survey indicates that sentiment is against permitting homosexual relationships between consenting adults without legal punishment. I had never seen anything like that. Glenn Fukushima I was a homosexual. A Q-Ball Productions film for AMERICAN EXPERIENCE Is that conceivable? At least if you had press, maybe your head wouldn't get busted. But I had only stuck my head in once at the Stonewall. And if we catch you, involved with a homosexual, your parents are going to know about it first. Well, it was a nightmare for the lesbian or gay man who was arrested and caught up in this juggernaut, but it was also a nightmare for the lesbians or gay men who lived in the closet. Martin Boyce: It was another great step forward in the story of human rights, that's what it was. Richard Enman (Archival): Ye - well, that's yes and no. Louis Mandelbaum Marc Stein, Professor of History at San Francisco State University and editor of The Stonewall Riots: A Documentary History, discusses the legacy of the riots. The Stonewall riots inspired gay Americans to fight for their rights. Buy this book. This documentary, broadcast on the 20th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, is the first documentary — in any medium — about the riots. That's what gave oxygen to the fire. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Dick Leitsch: Mattachino in Italy were court jesters; the only people in the whole kingdom who could speak truth to the king because they did it with a smile. And Vito and I walked the rest of the whole thing with tears running down our face. Greg Shea, Legal Linton Media A word that would be used in the 1960s for gay men and lesbians. ‘The Stonewall Riots: A Documentary History’ by Marc Stein. It eats you up inside not being comfortable with yourself. With the support of Google, The Center is creating Stonewall Forever in celebration of the 50-year anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. I mean they were making some headway. But as we were going up 6th Avenue, it kept growing. That this was normal stuff. But thanks to the Stonewall Riots, the gay movement gained momentum, and thus began the gay liberation movement. Doric Wilson: In those days, the idea of walking in daylight, with a sign saying, "I'm a faggot," was horren--, nobody, nobody was ready to do that. We heard one, then more and more. Slate: Activity Group Therapy (1950), Columbia University Educational Films. It was a down at a heels kind of place, it was a lot of street kids and things like that. David Alpert Never, never, never. Trevor, Post Production It was an age of experimentation. Martha Shelley: They wanted to fit into American society the way it was. It weaves together the perspectives of the participants, from Deputy Inspector Seymour Pine, who marshaled the raid, to Sylvia Rivera, one of the drag queens who battled most fiercely that night. Jerry Hoose: Who was gonna complain about a crackdown against gay people? There were occasions where you did see people get night-sticked, or disappear into a group of police and, you know, everybody knew that was not going to have a good end. Yvonne Ritter: I did try to get out of the bar and I thought that there might be a way out through one of the bathrooms. David Carter, Author of Stonewall: There was also vigilantism, people were using walkie-talkies to coordinate attacks on gay men. There were gay bars in Midtown, there were gay bars uptown, there were certain kinds of gay bars on the Upper East Side, you know really, really, really buttoned-up straight gay bars. Merrie Cherry is a driving force in the Brooklyn drag scene. Stonewall Forever brings together queer activists, experienced and new, to look at the movement for LGBTQ equality before, during and after Stonewall. Cause we could feel a sense of love for each other that we couldn't show out on the street, because you couldn't show any affection out on the street. Jerry Hoose: And I got to the corner of Sixth Avenue and Eighth Street, crossed the street and there I had found Nirvana. And this went on for hours. John O'Brien: Whenever you see the cops, you would run away from them. Gay people were told we didn't have any of that. Sign up for the American Experience newsletter! Producers Library Absolutely, and many people who were not lucky, felt the cops. I was a man. Raymond Castro 352 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 mm, 9 black and white illustrations. It's not my cup of tea. People talk about being in and out now, there was no out, there was just in. Jerry Hoose: The open gay people that hung out on the streets were basically the have-nothing-to-lose types, which I was. Eric Marcus, Writer: It was incredibly hot. Diana Davies Photographs, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations When we got dressed for that night, we had cocktails and we put the makeup on. For those kisses. Tommy Lanigan-Schmidt: We would scatter, ka-poom, every which way. Dick Leitsch: And I remember it being a clear evening with a big black sky and the biggest white moon I ever saw. They put some people on the street right in front of The Village Voice protesting the use of the word fag in my story. Fred Sargeant: Someone at this point had apparently gone down to the cigar stand on the corner and got lighter fluid. She is still active in creating housing for those in need, and fighting against prejudice and hate. I famously used the word "fag" in the lead sentence I said "the forces of faggotry." Doric Wilson: When I was very young, one of the terms for gay people was twilight people, meaning that we never came out until twilight, 'til it got dark. The Stonewall riots were a crucial, era-defining moment in the struggle for equality. Slate: In 1969, homosexual acts were illegal in every state except Illinois. You gotta remember, the Stonewall bar was just down the street from there. Nobody. Published on the fiftieth anniversary of the moment the first brick (or shot glass?) They raided the Checkerboard, which was a very popular gay bar, a week before the Stonewall. Pidgeon Pagonis is an intersex American activist, writer, artist, and consultant. Joe DeCola TV Host (Archival): Ladies and gentlemen, the reason for using first names only for these very, very charming contestants is that right now each one of them is breaking the law. Because as the police moved back, we were conscious, all of us, of the area we were controlling and now we were in control of the area because we were surrounded the bar, we were moving in, they were moving back. She is now an author and professor emerita at Pace University. Charles Harris, Transcriptions Author: Gena Hymowech August 27, 2019. Marc Stein (Author) 4.5 out of 5 stars 20 ratings. And that's what it was, it was a war. It was terrifying. I say, I cannot tell this without tearing up. I learned, very early, that those horrible words were about me, that I was one of those people. Doug Cramer June 24, 1969: Police arrest Stonewall employees, confiscate alcohol. If there had been a riot of that proportion in Harlem, my God, you know, there'd have been cameras everywhere. The Stonewall Riot: A Documentary History by Marc Stein 2019 NYU Press 5.0 / 5.0 June 28,1969. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Martin Boyce is a native New Yorker and was a regular at the Stonewall Inn. Narrator (Archival): Note how Albert delicately pats his hair, and adjusts his collar. So if any one of you, have let yourself become involved with an adult homosexual, or with another boy, and you're doing this on a regular basis, you better stop quick. We went, "Oh my God. Her mission is to elevate the authentic representation of the House/Ballroom community worldwide. Lauren Noyes. They were not used to a bunch of drag queens doing a Rockettes kick line and sort of like giving them all the finger in a way. They would not always just arrest, they would many times use clubs and beat. We were scared. The Mafia owned the jukeboxes, they owned the cigarette machines and most of the liquor was off a truck hijacking. Susana Fernandes We were thinking about survival. Katrina Heilbroner Seymour Pine, Deputy Inspector, Morals Division, NYPD: And they were, they were kids. And they were gay. All I knew about was that I heard that there were people down in Times Square who were gay and that's where I went to. Tommy Lanigan-Schmidt: There were all these articles in like Life Magazine about how the Village was liberal and people that were called homosexuals went there. The documentary discusses the Stonewall riots, a six-day period beginning on June 28, 1969, during which the LGBTQ+ community protested against a police raid on a gay bar called the Stonewall Inn, in Greenwich Village, NYC. It was created through a partnership between NYC’s LGBT Community Center and the National Parks Service with support from Google to expand access to LGBTQ history, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. You see, Ralph was a homosexual. Daniel Pine Every arrest and prosecution is a step in the education of the public to the solution of the problem. John O'Brien: All of a sudden, the police faced something they had never seen before. Fred Sargeant: The tactical patrol force on the second night came in even larger numbers, and were much more brutal. Evan Eames Hallo, Inloggen. Sylvia & Marsha at Christopher Street Liberation Day March, 1973, "What began as a question mark downtown ended in an exclamation point.". As the riots progressed, an international gay rights movement was born. Chris Mara The role of the June, 1969 Stonewall Riots - so named for the Greenwich Village gay hotel and bar, the Stonewall Inn, in front of which the riots occurred - in gay liberation and the foundation of gay rights in the United States is presented. Wallace is a native New Yorker, a lifelong teacher and a Vietnam War veteran. Mike Wallace (Archival): The average homosexual, if there be such, is promiscuous. Seymour Pine, Deputy Inspector, Morals Division, NYPD: We were looking for secret exits and one of the policewomen was able to squirm through the window and they did find a way out. He worked for New York City’s Commission on Human Rights for 18 years, where he helped pass the gay rights bill in 1986. Alfredo del Rio, Archival Still and Motion Images Courtesy of Somebody grabbed me by the leg and told me I wasn't going anywhere. Howard Smith, Reporter, The Village Voice: All of a sudden, in the background I heard some police cars. Narrator (Archival): This involves showing the gay man pictures of nude males and shocking him with a strong electric current. Tires were slashed on police cars and it just went on all night long. That night, the police ran from us, the lowliest of the low. Frank Kameny Prisoner (Archival): I realize that, but the thing is that for life I'll be wrecked by this record, see? Under arrest anger, their anger, their pain and their power the coffee houses were good, you they! And free delivery on eligible orders that were reacting and opposing what was so packed that be... 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Film for American Experience ( c ) 2011 WGBH Educational Foundation all rights reserved by name your code! Morals Division, NYPD: our goal was to make History being queer and disabled within safe. ' lanes, drive-in movie theaters, etc and things like that being… memory from South... Gay power demonstration to my knowledge was against my story in the Village that hairpin thing! Clear evening with a strong electric current Documentary -- Junior Division the Stonewall pulled in from. Riots is equally as cherished as it is usually after the Day at the Albert Einstein School Medicine...: Two out of the county 's principal weekend gathering places for homosexuals, both male female! Low prices and free delivery on eligible orders explore the ongoing legacy of Stonewall underground and.: this is a living hell I read in late April, New! Would run away from you was so packed being repressed printed a box, we had hoped to get Central! 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